The Theosophy Wales

King Arthur Pages


King Arthur’s

Marriage to Guinevere


Return to Homepage




Historia Brittanum

History of the Britons

800 CE

The first written mention of Arthur as a heroic figure

The British leader who fought twelve battles

against the Anglo Saxons



The Welsh Christian monk Nennius wrote around 800 CE the "Historia Brittanum" (History of the Britons) which is the first work to contain a mention " Arthur" by name as a heroic figure.


Little is known of Nennius but was probably an early ninth century Welsh monk, and probably did write Historia Brittonum


The work is a strange assortment of texts

covering the ancestries of kings, geography, the lives of saints. It mentions Julius Cæsar, Ambrosius Aurelianus, Arthur, Patrick, and other figures. Nennius says he was a pupil of Elbodugus

whi was Bishop of Bangor North Wales and known to have have died in 809)


The Historia Brittonum has been controversial as to its date and origin. Nennius has been described as "unrestrainedly inventive" with this work. On the one hand Nennius apparently had access to no-longer available 5th century sources, but on

the other hand can Nennius be entirely trusted as a reliable compiler of history. Apart from his native Welsh and his clerical knowledge of Latin,

‘Nennius’ seems to have understood both Old English, and Old Irish.


Nennius made mistakes with dating schemes, people's names and genealogical facts. However his work is nevertheless one of the earliest records of Welsh literature and history and his work is therefore very useful to researchers.


The work may have in fact been compiled earlier by someone else, around the year 679. Then additions were made in following years, and Nennius may have then re-compiled the whole work around 800.


To complicate matters even further, the revision of Nennius does not exist in a complete form. The earliest existing copy is an Irish version made in the eleventh century by Gilla Coemgin. Some of the Latin copies have extracts from the original, including the preface of Nennius and some verses by him.


Historia Brittanum is drawn largely upon Celtic legend, written or oral. Other writings which have been used include Gildas, Jerome’s Chronicle and a lost life of St. Germanus of Auxerre. Geoffrey of Monmouth was later to extensive use of it.


The brief mention of Arthur by Nennius occurs when he describes him as being the British leader who fought against the Anglo-Saxons. The battle culminated in a victory for the Britons at the Battle of Mount Badon (Mons Badonicus). Nennius

lists twelve battles with which Arthur was involved. Nennius also mentions Arthur had a dog called Cabal, which had used to hunt boar and covers the burial site of Anir, the son of Arthur, killed by his own father.


Nennius also mentions Ambrosius, but not the same Ambrosius Aurelianus mentioned in the works by Gildas and Bede. This Ambrosius was another name for the boy that Geoffrey called Merlin. The story of Vortigern and Ambrosius (Merlin), the falling wall and the two fighting dragons are used in Geoffrey's works.




Return to Homepage





King Arthur &

The Round Table


Merlin & The Tree of Life


Merlin the Magician

Born circa 400 CE ; Welsh: Myrddin;

Latin: Merlinus; English: Merlin.



The Holy Grail


The Theosophy Wales

King Arthur Pages



Pages About Wales

General pages about Wales, Welsh History

and The History of Theosophy in Wales



Theosophy links


Life & Work of H P Blavatsky


Dave’s Streetwise 

Theosophy Boards

The Theosophy Website that

Welcomes Absolute Beginners


The Most Basic Theosophy

 Website in the Universe

A quick overview of Theosophy 

and the Theosophical Society

If you run a Theosophy Group you 

can use this as an introductory handout.


Theosophy in Cardiff


Theosophy in Wales


Cardiff Lodge’s Instant Guide

to Theosophy


Cardiff Theosophy Start-Up

A Free Intro to Theosophy


Cardiff Theosophical Archive


Blavatsky Blogger

Independent Theosophical Blog


Quick Blasts of Theosophy

One liners and quick explanations

About aspects of Theosophy


Great Theosophists

H P Blavatsky is usually the only

Theosophist that most people have ever

heard of. Let’s put that right


The Blavatsky Blogger’s

Instant Guide To

Death & The Afterlife


Blavatsky Calling

The Voice of the Silence Website


The Blavatsky Free State

An Independent Theosophical Republic

Links to Free Online Theosophy 

Study Resources; Courses, Writings, 

Commentaries, Forums, Blogs


Feelgood Theosophy

Visit the Feelgood Lodge


Theosophy and Reincarnation

A selection of articles on Reincarnation

by Theosophical writers

Provided in response to the large 

number of enquiries we receive at 

Cardiff Theosophical Society on this subject


Nothing answers questions

like Theosophy can!

The Key to Theosophy


Blavatsky Calling

and I Don’t Wanna Shout

The Voice of the Silence Website


The South of Heaven Guide

To Theosophy and Devachan


The South of Heaven Guide

To Theosophy and Dreams


The South of Heaven Guide

To Theosophy and Angels


Theosophy and Help From

The Universe


Wales! Wales! Theosophy Wales

The All Wales Guide to

Getting Started in Theosophy


The Tooting Broadway

Underground Theosophy Website

The Spiritual Home of Urban Theosophy


The Mornington Crescent

Underground Theosophy Website

The Earth Base for Evolutionary Theosophy


H P Blavatsky’s Heavy Duty

Theosophical Glossary

Published 1892




Try these if you are looking for a

local Theosophy Group or Centre



UK Listing of Theosophical Groups


Worldwide Directory of 

Theosophical Links


International Directory of 

Theosophical Societies




Wales Theosophy Links Summary


All Wales Guide to Theosophy Instant Guide to Theosophy


Theosophy Wales Hornet Theosophy Wales Now


Cardiff Theosophical Archive Elementary Theosophy


Basic Theosophy Theosophy in Cardiff Theosophy in Wales


Hey Look! Theosophy in Cardiff Streetwise Theosophy


Grand Tour Theosophy Aardvark Theosophy Starts Here


Theosophy 206 Biography of William Q Judge


Theosophy Cardiff’s Face Book of Great Theosophists


Theosophy Evolution Theosophy Generally Stated


Biography of Helena Petrovna Blavatsky


Please click here for Current Theosophical Events in Cardiff




Theosophy has no dogma, no priesthood or diploma elite 

and recognizes no spiritual head.

All ideas presented at meetings are for consideration.


Please click here for Current Theosophical Events in Cardiff



Cardiff Theosophical Society in Wales

Theosophy House

206 Newport Road

Cardiff, Wales, UK. CF24 1DL